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1 Stand fast therefore in the libertie wherewith Christ hath made vs free, and be not intangled againe with the yoke of bondage.

2 Another entreaty in which he plainly witnesses that justification of works, and justification of faith cannot stand together, because no man can be justified by the Law, but he that does fully and perfectly fulfil it. And he takes the example of circumcision, because it was the ground of all the service of the Law, and was chiefly urged by the false apostles.Behold, I Paul say unto you, that if ye beCircumcision is in other places called the seal of righteousness, but here we must have consideration of the circumstance of the time, for now baptism is a sign of the new covenant, just as circumcision was the sign of the old covenant. And moreover Paul reasons according to the opinion that his enemies had of it, which made circumcision a essential to their salvation.circumcised, Christ shall profit you nothing.

3 For I testifie againe to euery man, which is circumcised, that he is bound to keepe the whole Lawe.

4 Christ isThat is, as he himself expounds it afterward, «ye are fallen from grace.»become of no effect unto you, whosoever of you areThat is, seek to be justified by the Law, for indeed no man is justified by the Law.justified by the law; ye are fallen from grace.

5 He privately compares the new people with the old: for it is certain that they also did ground all their hope of justification and life in faith, and not in circumcision, but in such a way that their faith was wrapped in the external and ceremonial worship. But our faith is without such ceremony, and content with spiritual worship.For we through theThrough the Spirit who brings about faith.Spirit wait for the hope of righteousness by faith.

6 He adds a reason, for now circumcision is abolished, seeing that Christ is exhibited to us with complete spiritual circumcision.For in Jesus Christ neither circumcision availeth any thing, norHe makes mention also of uncircumcision, lest the Gentiles should please themselves in it, as the Jews do in circumcision.uncircumcision;The taking away of an objection: if all that worship of the Law is taken away, in what than shall we exercise ourselves? In charity, Paul says: for faith of which we speak cannot be idle; no, it brings forth daily fruits of charity.butSo is true faith distinguished from counterfeit faith: for charity is not joined with faith as a fellow cause, to help forward our justification with which worketh by love.

7 Again he chides the Galatians, but with both an admiration and a praise of their former race, so that he may make them more ashamed.Ye did run well; who did hinder you that ye should not obey the truth?

8 He plays the part of an apostle with them, and uses his authority, denying that any doctrine can come from God which is contrary to his.This persuasion [cometh] not ofOf God.him that calleth you.

9 He adds this, that he may not seem to contend upon a trifle, warning them diligently (by a metaphor which he borrows of leaven, as Christ himself also did) not to allow the purity of the apostolic doctrine to be infected with the least corruption at all.A little leaven leaveneth the whole lump.

10 He moderates the former reprehension, casting the fault upon the false apostles, against whom he denounces the horrible judgment of God.I have confidence in you through the Lord, that ye will be none otherwise minded: but he that troubleth you shall bear his judgment, whosoever he be.

11 He wishes them to consider that he seeks not his own profit in this matter, seeing that he could avoid the hatred of men if he would join Judaism with Christianity.And I, brethren, if I yet preach circumcision, why do I yet suffer persecution? then is the offence of the cross ceased.

12 An example of a true pastor inflamed with the zeal of God's glory, and love for his flock.I would they were even cut off whichFor those that preach the Law cause men's consciences to always tremble.trouble you.

13 For, brethren, ye have been called unto liberty;The third part of this epistle, showing that the right use of Christian liberty consists of this, that being delivered and set at liberty from the slavery of sin and the flesh, and being obedient to the Spirit, we should through love help each other to mature in their salvation.only [use] not liberty for an occasion to the flesh, but by love serve one another.

14 He sets forth the love of our neighbour, as a mark unto which all Christians ought to refer all their actions, and to that he cites the testimony of the Law.ForThis particle «all» must be limited to the second table of the ten commandments.all the law is fulfilled in one word, [even] in this; Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

15 An exhortation to the duties of charity, by the profit that follows from it, because no men proved worse for themselves than they that hate one another.But if ye bite and devour one another, take heed that ye be not consumed one of another.

16 He acknowledges the great weakness of the godly, because they are but in part regenerated: but he exhorts them to remember that they are endued with the Spirit of God, who has delivered them from the slavery of sin, and so from the Law, inasmuch as it is the power of sin, so that they should not give themselves to lusts.[This] I say then, Walk in the Spirit, and ye shall not fulfil the lust of the flesh.

17 For theFor the flesh dwells even in the regenerated man, but the Spirit reigns, even though not without great strife, as is largely set forth in (Rom. 7:1-25).flesh lusteth against the Spirit, and the Spirit against the flesh: and these are contrary the one to the other: so that ye cannot do the things that ye would.

18 And if ye be led by the Spirit, ye are not vnder the Lawe.

19 He sets out that particularly of which he spoke generally, reckoning up some principal effects of the flesh, and opposing them to the fruits of the Spirit, that no man may pretend ignorance.Now the works of the flesh are manifest, which are [these]; Adultery, fornication, uncleanness, lasciviousness,

20 Idolatrie, witchcraft, hatred, debate, emulations, wrath, contentions, seditions, heresies,

21 Enuie, murthers, drunkennesse, gluttonie, and such like, whereof I tell you before, as I also haue tolde you before, that they which doe such things, shall not inherite the kingdome of God.

22 But theTherefore they are not the fruits of free will, but only as far forth as our will is made free by grace.fruit of the Spirit is love, joy, peace, longsuffering, gentleness, goodness, faith,

23 Meekness, temperance:Lest that any man should object that Paul plays the deceiver, as one who urging the Spirit urges nothing but that which the Law commands, he shows that he requires not that literal and outward obedience, but spiritual, which proceeds not from the Law but from the Spirit of Christ, who gives us new birth, and must and ought to be the ruler and guider of our life.against such there is no law.

24 For they that are Christes, haue crucified the flesh with the affections and the lustes.

25 If weIf we are indeed endued with the quickening Spirit, who causes us to die to sin, and live to God, let us show it in our deeds, that is, by holiness of in the Spirit, let us also walk in the Spirit.

26 He adds special exhortations according as he knew the Galatians to be subject to different vices: and first of all he warns them to take heed of ambition, which vice has two fellows, backbiting and envy. And out of these two many contentions necessarily arise.Let us not be desirous of vain glory, provoking one another, envying one another.

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