1 And it came to pass in the days of Ahaz the son of Jotham, the son of Uzziah, king of Judah, [that] Rezin the king of Syria, and Pekah the son of Remaliah, king of Israel,That is, the second time: for in the first battle Ahaz was overcome.went up toward Jerusalem to war against it, but could not prevail against it.
2 And it was told the house ofMeaning, the kings house.David, saying, Syria is confederate withThat is, Israel, because that tribe was the greatest, (Gen_48:19).Ephraim. And his heart wasFor fear.moved, and the heart of his people, as the trees of the forest are moved with the wind.
3 Then said the LORD to Isaiah, Go forth now to meet Ahaz, thou, andThat is to say, the rest will return which name Isaiah gave his son, to signify that the rest of the people would return out of their captivity.Shearjashub thy son, at the end of the conduit of the upper pool in the highway of the fuller's field;
4 And say to him, Take heed, and be quiet; fear not, neither be fainthearted for the two tails of these smokingWhich have but a little smoke and will quickly be quenched.firebrands, for the fierce anger of Rezin with Syria, and of the son of Remaliah.
5 Because Aram hath taken wicked counsell against thee, and Ephraim, and Remaliahs sonne, saying,
6 Let us go up against Judah, and trouble it, and let us conquer it for ourselves and set a king in the midst of it, [even] the son ofWho was an Israelite, and as it seems, enemy to the house of David.Tabeal:
7 Thus sayth the Lorde God, It shall not stand, neither shall it be.
8 For the head of Syria [is] Damascus, and the head of Damascus [is] Rezin; and withinCounting from the 25 years of the reign of Uzziah, at which time Amos prophesied this thing, and now Isaiah confirms that the Israelites would be led into perpetual captivity, which came to pass 20 years after Isaiah gave this message.sixty five years shall Ephraim be broken, that it be not a people.
9 And the head of Ephraim is Samaria, and the head of Samaria is Remaliahs sonne. If ye beleeue not, surely ye shall not be established.
10 And the Lorde spake againe vnto Ahaz, saying,
11 Ask theeFor the confirmation of this thing that your enemies will be destroyed and you preserved.a sign from the LORD thy God; ask it either in the depth, or in the height above.
12 But Ahaz said, I will not ask, neither will INot to believe God's word without a sign, is to tempt God, but to refuse a sign when God offers it for the aid and help of our infirmity is to rebel against him.tempt the LORD.
13 And he said, Hear ye now, O house of David; [Is it] a small thing for you to wearyYou think you have to do with men when you contemn God's messengers but it is God against whom you bend yourselves.men, but will ye weary my God also?
14 Therefore the LordForasmuch as you are unworthy, the Lord for his own promise sake will give a sign which will be that Christ the Saviour of his Church and the effect of all signs and miracles will be revealed.himself shall give you a sign; Behold, the virgin shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel.
15 Meaning that Christ is not only God, but man also, because he will be nourished as other men until the age of discretion.Butter and honey shall he eat, that he may know to refuse the evil, and choose the good.
16 For before theNot meaning Christ, but any child: for before a child can come to the years of discretion, the kings of Samaria and Syria will be destroyed.child shall know to refuse the evil, and choose the good, the land that thou abhorrest shall be forsaken by both her kings.
17 The LORD shall bring upon thee, and upon thy people, and upon thy father's house, days that have not come, from the day thatSince the time that the twelve tribes rebelled under Rehoboam.Ephraim departed from Judah; [even] the king ofIn whom you have put your trust.Assyria.
18 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] the LORD shall hiss for theMeaning, the Egyptians: for since the country is hot and moist, it is full of flies, as Assyria is full of bees.fly that [is] in the uttermost part of the rivers of Egypt, and for the bee that [is] in the land of Assyria.
19 And they shall come, and shall rest all of them in the desolate valleys, and in the clefts of the rocks, and upon all thorns, and upon allSignifying that no place will be free from them.bushes.
20 In the same day shall the Lord shave with a razor that is hired, [namely], by them beyond the river, by the king of Assyria, the head, and the hair of theThat is, that which is from the belly downward meaning that he would destroy both great and small.feet: and it shall also consume the beard.
21 And it shall come to pass in that day, [that] a man shallHe who before had a great number of cattle will be content with one cow and two sheep.nourish a young cow, and two sheep;
22 And it shall come to pass, for theThe number of men will be so small that a few beasts will be able to nourish all abundantly.abundance of milk [that] they shall give he shall eat butter: for butter and honey shall every one eat that is left in the land.
23 And at the same day euery place, wherein shalbe a thousand vines, shalbe at a thousand pieces of siluer: so it shalbe for the briers and for the thornes.
24 With arrows and withAs they who go to seek wild beasts among the bushes.bows shall [men] come there; because all the land shall become briers and thorns.
25 And [on]The mountains contrary to their will, will be tilled by such as shall flee to them for comfort.all hills that shall be dug with the mattock, there shall not come there the fear of briers and thorns: but it shall be for the sending forth of oxen, and for the treading of lesser cattle.