1 These [be] the words which Moses spake unto all Israel onIn the country of Moab.this side Jordan in the wilderness, in the plainSo that the wilderness was between the sea and the plain of Moab.over against the Red [sea], between Paran, and Tophel, and Laban, and Hazeroth, and Dizahab.The Argument – The wonderful love of God toward his Church is actively set forth in this book. Even through their ingratitude and many rebellions against God, for the space forty years. (Deu_9:7) they deserved to have been cut off from the number of his people, and forever to have been deprived of the use of his holy word and ordinances: yet he ever preserved his Church even for his own mercy's sake, and would still have his name called upon among them. Wherefore he brings them into the land of Canaan, destroys their enemies, gives them their country, towns and goods, and exhorts them by the example of their fathers (whose infidelity, idolatry, adulteries, complaining and rebellions, he had most severely punished) to fear and obey the Lord, to embrace and keep his law without adding to it or diminishing from it. For by his word he would be known to be their God, and they his people, by his word he would govern his Church, and by the same they would learn to obey him: by his word he would discern the false prophet from the true, light form darkness, ignorance from knowledge, and his own people from all the other nations and infidels: teaching them by it to refuse and detest, destroy and abolish whatever is not agreeable to his holy will, seem it otherwise never so good or precious in the eyes of man. For this cause God promised to raise up kings and governors, for the setting forth of his word and preservation of his Church: giving to them a special charge for the executing of it: whom therefore he wills to exercise themselves diligently in the continual study and meditation of the same: that they might learn to fear the Lord, love their subjects, abhor covetousness and vices, and whatever offends the majesty of God. As he had before instructed their fathers in all things belonging both to his spiritual service and also for the maintenance of that society which is between men: so he prescribes here anew all such laws and ordinances, which either concern his divine service, or else are necessary for a common good: appointing to every estate and degree their charge and duty: as well, how to rule and live in the fear of God, as to nourish friendship toward their neighbours, and to preserve the order which God has established among men: threatening most horrible plagues to them that transgress his commandments, and promising blessings and happiness to those who observe and obey them.
2 ([There are] eleven days' [journey] fromIn Horeb, or Sinai, forty years before the law was given: but because all that were then of age and judgment were now dead, Moses repeats the same to the youth who either then were not born, or had not judgment.Horeb by the way of mount Seir unto Kadeshbarnea.)
3 And it came to passe in the first day of the eleuenth moneth, in the fourtieth yeere that Moses spake vnto the children of Israel according vnto all that the Lord had giuen him in commandement vnto them,
4 After he had slainBy these examples of God's favour, their minds are prepared to receive the law.Sihon the king of the Amorites, which dwelt in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, which dwelt at Astaroth in Edrei:
5 On this side Jordan, in the land of Moab,The second time.began Moses to declare this law, saying,
6 The LORD our God spake unto us inIn the second year and second month, (Num_10:11).Horeb, saying, Ye have dwelt long enough in this mount:
7 Turne you and depart, and goe vnto the mountaine of the Amorites, and vnto all places neere thereunto in the plaine, in the mountaine, or in the valley: both Southwarde, and to the Sea side, to the land of the Canaanites, and vnto Lebanon: euen vnto the great riuer, the riuer Perath.
8 Beholde, I haue set the land before you: go in and possesse that land which the Lorde sware vnto your fathers, Abraham, Izhak, and Iaakob, to giue vnto them and to their seede after them.
9 And I spakeBy the counsel of Jethro my father-in-law, (Exo_18:19).unto you at that time, saying, I am not able to bear you myself alone:
10 The LORD your God hathNot so much by the course of nature, as miraculously.multiplied you, and, behold, ye [are] this day as the stars of heaven for multitude.
11 (The Lord God of your fathers make you a thousand times so many moe as ye are, and blesse you, as he hath promised you)
12 How can I myself aloneSignifying how great a burden it is, to govern the people.bear your cumbrance, and your burden, and your strife?
13 Take you wise men, and understanding, andWhose godliness and uprightness is known.known among your tribes, and I will make them rulers over you.
14 Then ye answered me and said, The thing is good that thou hast commanded vs to doe.
15 So I took the chief of your tribes,Declaring what sort of men ought to have a public charge, read (Exo_18:21).wise men, and known, and made them heads over you, captains over thousands, and captains over hundreds, and captains over fifties, and captains over tens, and officers among your tribes.
16 And I charged your iudges that same time, saying, Heare the controuersies betweene your brethren, and iudge righteously betwene euery man and his brother, and the stranger that is with him.
17 Ye shall not respect persons in judgment; [but] ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment [is]You are his Lieutenants.God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring [it] unto me, and I will hear it.
18 Also I commaunded you the same time all the things which ye should doe.
19 Then we departed from Horeb, and went through all that great and terrible wildernesse (as yee haue seene) by the way of the mountaine of the Amorites, as the Lord our God commaunded vs: and we came to Kadesh-barnea.
20 AndSo that the fault was in themselves, that they did not sooner possess the inheritance promised.I said unto you, Ye are come unto the mountain of the Amorites, which the LORD our God doth give unto us.
21 Beholde, the Lord thy God hath layde the land before thee: go vp and possesse it, as the Lord the God of thy fathers hath saide vnto thee: feare not, neither be discouraged.
22 Read (Num_13:3).And ye came near unto me every one of you, and said, We will send men before us, and they shall search us out the land, and bring us word again by what way we must go up, and into what cities we shall come.
23 So the saying pleased me well, and I tooke twelue men of you, of euery tribe one.
24 Who departed, and went vp into the mountaine, and came vnto the riuer Eshcol, and searched out the land.
25 And they took of the fruit of the land in their hands, and brought [it] down unto us, and brought us word again, andThat is, Caleb, and Joshua; Moses prefers the better part to the greater, that is, two to ten.said, [It is] a good land which the LORD our God doth give us.
26 Notwithstanding, ye would not go vp, but were disobedient vnto the commaundement of the Lord your God,
27 And ye murmured in your tents, and said, Because the LORDSuch was the Jews unthankfulness, that they counted God's special love, hatred.hated us, he hath brought us forth out of the land of Egypt, to deliver us into the hand of the Amorites, to destroy us.
28 Whither shall we go up? ourThe other ten, not Caleb and Joshua.brethren have discouraged our heart, saying, The people [is] greater and taller than we; the cities [are] great and walled up to heaven; and moreover we have seen the sons of the Anakims there.
29 But I sayd vnto you, Dread not, nor be afrayd of them.
30 The LORD your GodDeclaring that to renounce our own force, and constantly to follow our calling, and depend on the Lord, is true boldness, and agreeable to God.which goeth before you, he shall fight for you, according to all that he did for you in Egypt before your eyes;
31 And in the wildernesse, where thou hast seene how the Lord thy God bare thee, as a man doeth beare his sonne, in all the way which ye haue gone, vntill ye came vnto this place.
32 Yet for all this ye did not beleeue the Lord your God,
33 Who went in the way before you, to search you out a place to pitch your tentes in, in fire by night, that ye might see what way to goe, and in a cloude by day.
34 Then the Lorde heard the voyce of your wordes, and was wroth, and sware, saying,
35 Surely there shall not one of these men of this froward generation, see that good land, which I sware to giue vnto your fathers,
36 Saue Caleb the sonne of Iephunneh: he shall see it, and to him will I giue the land that he hath troden vpon, and to his children, because he hath constantly followed the Lord.
37 Also the Lorde was angry with me for your sakes, saying, Thou also shalt not goe in thither,
38 [But] Joshua the son of Nun, which standethWho minister to you.before thee, he shall go in thither: encourage him: for he shall cause Israel to inherit it.
39 Moreover yourWho were under twenty years of age, (Num_14:31).little ones, which ye said should be a prey, and your children, which in that day had no knowledge between good and evil, they shall go in thither, and unto them will I give it, and they shall possess it.
40 But as for you, turne backe, and take your iourney into the wildernesse by the way of the red Sea.
41 Then ye answered and said unto me, We have sinned against the LORD,This declares man's nature, who will do that which God forbids, and will not do that which he commands.we will go up and fight, according to all that the LORD our God commanded us. And when ye had girded on every man his weapons of war, ye were ready to go up into the hill.
42 And the LORD said unto me, Say unto them, Go not up, neither fight; for I [am]Signifying that man has no strength, but when God is at hand to help him.not among you; lest ye be smitten before your enemies.
43 And when I told you, ye would not heare, but rebelled against the commaundement of the Lord, and were presumptuous, and went vp into the mountaine.
44 Then the Amorites which dwelt in that mountaine came out against you, and chased you (as bees vse to doe) and destroied you in Seir, euen vnto Hormah.
45 And ye returned and wept before the LORD; but the LORD would notBecause you rather showed your hypocrisy, than true repentance; rather lamenting the loss of your brethren, than repenting for your sins.hearken to your voice, nor give ear unto you.
46 So ye abode in Kadesh a long time, according to the time that ye had remained before.